The Ottoman Turks fiercely defended Gallipoli. After eight months of heavy casualties and hardships on both sides, the allied forces withdrew. More than 8,000 Australians had died. The ANZACs had fought bravely, and their sacrifice became part of the national heritage of both Australia and New Zealand.
After the war, the first ANZAC Day was held on 25 April, and by 1927, it had become a public holiday in Australia. Over the years, the meaning of ANZAC Day has become broader; it now commemorates those who lost their lives in all of Australia’s military and peacekeeping operations.
Memorial services are held across Australia at dawn, the time of the original landing at Gallipoli. Other commemorative services and marches take place at war memorials around the country.
Many people have the tradition of baking or eating ANZAC biscuits, a type of sweet biscuit that the soldiers ate. Because the recipe is made without milk or eggs, the biscuits had a long shelf life and didn’t spoil during transportation.